Students who cleared Std XII need not despair if they haven’t got through engineering or medical entrance examination. A lucrative career awaits students in the field of biotechnology – technology based on biology which harnesses cellular and biomolecular processes to develop techniques and products that help improve our lives and the health of our planet. We have already used biological processes of microorganisms for more than 6,000 years to make useful food products such as bread and cheese and to preserve dairy products.
Students can pursue BSc/ BTech, M Sc/M Tech or after BSc, pursue MBA in biotechnology. With its increasing popularity and explosive growth, there are plenty of opportunities available in the field of biotechnology.
Biotechnology companies require corporate executives with business or management degrees. A graduate in biotechnology can get a job in government sectors, private sectors or research institutes. Different job profiles for biotechnologists include lab technicians, research associates, research scientists, engineers, sales representatives, marketing executives and business development managers.
Biotechnology as a subject has grown rapidly and as far as employment is concerned it has become one of the fast-growing sectors. Employment record shows that biotechnology has a great scope in future. Biotechnologists can find careers with pharmaceutical companies, chemical, agricultural and allied companies. They can be employed in the areas of planning, production and management of bio-processing industries. There is a large scale employment in research laboratories run by the government as well as the corporate sectors.Some major organizations employing bio-technologists in India include Hindustan Lever Ltd, Thapar Group, Indo-American Hybrid seeds, Bincon India Ltd, Bivcol, IDPL, India Vaccines Corporation, Hindustan Antibiotics, National Botanical Institute, National Chemical Laboratories, Tata Engineering Research Institute etc.
Biotechnology students in India may find work in government based entity such as universities, research institutes or at private centres as research scientists/ assistants. Alternatively they may find employment in specialized biotechnology companies or biotech-related companies such as pharmaceutical firms, food manufacturers, aquaculture and agricultural companies that are engaged in business related to life sciences ranging from equipment to chemicals to pharmaceuticals and diagnostics. The scope of work can range from research, sales, marketing, administration, quality control, breeding, technical support etc.
Institutes actively involved in biotechnology research
1. The Government of India National Biotechnology Board (NBTB)
2. The Department of Science and Technology (DST)
3. Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)
4. Indian Council for Medical Research (ICMR)
5. Department of Atomic Energy (DAE)
6. Indian Council for Agricultural Research (ICAR)
7. Defense Research Development Organization (DRDO)
8. Indian Institute of Science (IISC)
9. Biotechnology Consortium of India Ltd (BCIL) (Offers industrial training after MSc with a stipend of Rs8,000 per month for a period of six months and the suitable candidates are then absorbed. The selection is based on online test conducted by BCIL)