Present Simple – present tense with common aspect

Tense and aspect, although they are two different categories, always appear together. There are six tenses and two aspects in English.

With reference to tense and aspect, we can speak about the following structures in practical usage. All English Tenses with Examples!

(Note: progressive aspect is often called continuous.)

 



Affirmative: Subject + Base Form of the Verb
*note: for 3rd Person Singular (he/ she/ it) add ‘s’ to the base form

I/ You/ We/ They work in a bank.
He/ She works in a bank.
Negative: Subject + don’t/ doesn’t + Base Form of the Verb

I/ You/ We/ They don’t (do not) work.
He/ She/ It doesn’t (does not) work.

 
Interrogative: Question Word + do/does + Subject + Base Form of the Verb

Where do I/ you/we/they work?
Where does he/ she work?

 

1. Usual, regular action:

  • I usually go fishing at weekends. I don’t go fishing at weekends. Do I go fishing at weekends?
  • You always know the answer. You don’t always know the answer. Do you always know the answer?
  • She never puts milk in her tea. She doesn’t put milk in her tea. Does she ever put milk in her tea?
  • My father plays the violin. My father doesn’t play the violin. Does your father play the violin?
  • We sometimes go to the cinema on Friday. We don’t go to the cinema on Friday. Do we goto the cinema on Fridays?
  • They never walk in the wood. They don’t walk in the wood. Do they walk in the wood?

2. General existence; stating a fact:

  • An ostrich has two legs. A rabbit doesn’t have two legs. How many legs does a spider have?
  • The earth goes round the sun. The sun doesn’t go round the earth. Does the moon go round the earth?
  • Water is liquid at room temperature. Gold isn’t liquid at room temperature. Is gold solid at room temperature?

3. Dramatic narrative (theater, sports, etc. events):

  • Johnson takes the ball, he bounces it to the floor, then he throws and scores two points.

4. Timetables

  • The train leaves at half past four. The train doesn’t leave at five. What time does the train leave?
  • The course starts on 1 July. The course doesn’t start in June. When does the course start?

 

Taken from : http://www.myenglishteacher.eu/blog/12-all-english-tenses-with-examples/

 

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