The IPL franchises earn money in three ways: central pool, sponsors, and ticket sales. The valuation is based on how strong is your brand and how many fans you have.If the brand is strong, other brands will want to associate with you and if the fan base is strong, it will result in increasing the gate revenues and merchandise. If you rely only on central revenue, you are not creating value but subsidizing other costs. But yes, the revenue pool increase will make shareholders of all franchises happier.
As per estimates, each IPL franchise spends Rs 120-150 crore a year in running the team. It includes player costs, franchise fees, and other administrative and operating charges.According to estimates, the media rights for television and digital coverage of the IPL are expected to garner at least Rs 12,000-14,000 crore for the next five years (2018-2022). The title sponsor Vivo has already committed Rs 2,199 crore in that pool with three or four official partners, expected to shell out Rs 700-800 crore in that period as well. This would fatten BCCI’s revenue stream by at least Rs 15,000 crore (Rs 3,000 crore per year).As per the agreement and terms, BCCI will start sharing 40% of this Rs 3,000 crore – or Rs 1,200 crore – among the eight IPL franchises.
The board has invited bids for media rights – for the sub-continent and worldwide – and in multiple categories. The eight franchises are set to earn Rs 150 crore at least even before the first ball is bowled. The massive paycheque for the franchises would mean a big boost and a profitable balance sheet unless the teams spend extravagantly.